Hugo de Boer

Associate Professor, Group Leader
Image of Hugo de Boer
Norwegian version of this page
Mobile phone +4798126030
Room Lids 114b
Visiting address Botanical Museum


Plant identification using molecular barcoding has a huge potential for biodiversity, conservation, and monitoring of trade in plant genetic resources for pharmaceutical manufacturing, horticulture and tropical timber trade. DNA barcoding as a method has been embraced in science, especially for identification of animals and fungi. In recent years, researchers have successfully shown the power and accuracy of DNA barcoding by creating molecular identification systems for various purposes, such as the identification of cryptic species, species adulteration in marine food products, tracing illegal ivory trade, and assessing tropical forest diversity.

Plant barcoding has lagged in absence of a suitable single identification marker, and quality trade-offs of the various other proposed markers. Furthermore, accurate species identification requires a clear definition of intraspecific variation versus interspecific variation, which is also known as the barcoding gap. The presence or absence of a barcoding gap has been disputed, but ultimately a practical approach needs to be adopted to enable widespread use of plant DNA barcoding. Previous research has focused on the use of two or more molecular markers for DNA barcoding, but the advent of high throughput sequencing allows a genomic approach to DNA barcoding using full chloroplast genomes. In addition, target-enrichment methods allow amplification of genetic data from degraded material, such as herbarium collections, traded and processed material and forensic traces, which in turn reduces the need to rely on short molecular markers.

Research in my group focuses on:

  • Molecular identification of processed plant products in trade, specifically of medicinal plant species susceptible to adulteration, overharvested and endangered taxa, and monitoring of cross-border trade in CITES-listed species.
  • Combining chloroplast genome data and de novo next-gen generated chloroplast genomes, to make more accurate analysis of intra and interspecific genetic variation, with the specific aim of automated species identification
  • Development of specific target-enrichment methods for efficient generation of genetic data from degraded material, such as herbarium collections, and traded and processed material.

These technological and methodological advances may help unlock the huge potential for accurate plant identification using molecular tools to support vital public policies and tasks, such as conserving biodiversity, monitoring trade in plant genetic resources for pharmaceutical manufacturing, horticulture and tropical timber industries, and the enforcement of the CBD Nagoya protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing.

Tags: Biology, Botany, Molecular identification, Plant DNA barcoding, ION-Torrent PGM, Botany Systematics, Orchidaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Ethnobotany, Medicinal plants


  • Endresen, Dag Terje Filip; Abrahamyan, Armine; Mirzorakhimov, Akobir; Melikyan, Andreas; Verstraete, Brecht; Schigel, Dmitry; Makeyeva, Elena; de Boer, Hugo; Russell, Laura Anne; Shashkov, Maxim; Mamadalieva, Mukhabbatkhon; Ivanova, Natalya; Voronova, Nina; Borodin, Oleg; Prylutskyi, Oleh; Tykarski, Piotr & Johaadien, Rukaya Sarah (2019). BioDATA: Biodiversity data mobilisation and data publication training in Eurasia. Biodiversity Information Science and Standards (BISS).  ISSN 2535-0897.  3(e37543) . doi: 10.3897/biss.3.37543 Show summary
  • Gopalakrishnan Saroja, Seethapathy; Raclariu, Ancuta Cristina; Anmarkrud, Jarl Andreas; Wangensteen, Helle & de Boer, Hugo (2019). DNA Metabarcoding Authentication of Ayurvedic Herbal Products on the European Market Raises Concerns of Quality and Fidelity. Frontiers in Plant Science.  ISSN 1664-462X.  10, s 1- 11 . doi: 10.3389/fpls.2019.00068
  • Hilonga, S; Otieno, Joseph; Ghorbani, Abdolbaset; Kocyan, Alexander & de Boer, Hugo Joris (2019). Trade of wild-harvested medicinal plant species in local markets of Tanzania and its implications for conservation. South African Journal of Botany.  ISSN 0254-6299.  122, s 214- 224 . doi:
  • Prylutskyi, Oleh; Abrahamyan, Armine; Voronova, Nina; Aloyan, Tatevik; Borodin, Oleg; Darmostuk, Valerii; Gasparyan, Naira; Ivanova, Natalya; Johaadien, Rukaya Sarah; Khachatryan, Hrant; Krasovskii, Stanisav; Krishin, Gleb; Kulikova, Alena; Kurbonbekova, Shifo; Makeyeva, Elena; Savchenko, Anton; Mamadalieva, Mukhabbatkhon; Melikyan, Andreas; Mirzorakhimov, Akobir; Movsisyan, Astghik; Mubalieva, Shoista; Novikov, Andriy; Russell, Laura Anne; Shashkov, Maxim; Sheriko, Anna; Schigel, Dmitry; Sysoliatin, Eugeny; Tykarski, Piotr; Verstraete, Brecht; Yatsiuk, Iryna; Zykova, Mariia; Endresen, Dag Terje Filip & de Boer, Hugo (2019). BioDATA - Biodiversity Data for Internationalisation in Higher Education. Research Ideas and Outcomes_RIO.  ISSN 2367-7163.  5 . doi: 10.3897/rio.5.e36276 Show summary
  • Xu, Maonian; Heidmarsson, Starri; de Boer, Hugo Joris; Kool, Anneleen & Olafsdottir, Elin Soffia (2019). Ethnopharmacology of the club moss subfamily Huperzioideae (Lycopodiaceae, Lycopodiophyta): A phylogenetic and chemosystematic perspective. Journal of Ethnopharmacology.  ISSN 0378-8741.  245:112130, s 1- 8 . doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2019.112130
  • Ahmed, Seid Mussa; Nordeng, Hedvig Marie Egeland; Sundby, Johanne; Aragaw, Yesuf Ahmed & de Boer, Hugo (2018). The use of medicinal plants by pregnant women in Africa: A systematic review. Journal of Ethnopharmacology.  ISSN 0378-8741.  224, s 297- 313 . doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2018.05.032
  • de Boer, Hugo; Newman, Mark; Poulsen, Axel Dalberg; Jane Droop, A.; Fer, Tomas; Hien, Le Thi Thu; Hlavata, Kristyna; Lamxay, Vichith; Richardson, James E.; Steffen, Karin & Leong-Skornickova, Jana (2018). Convergent morphology in alpinieae (Zingiberaceae): Recircumscribing amomum as a monophyletic genus. Taxon.  ISSN 0040-0262.  67(1), s 6- 36 . doi: 10.12705/671.2
  • Ghorbani, Abdolbaset; Wieringa, Jan; de Boer, Hugo; Porck, Henk; Kardinaal, Adriaan & van Andel, Tinde R. (2018). Botanical and floristic composition of the Historical Herbarium of Leonhard Rauwolf collected in the Near East (1573–1575). Taxon.  ISSN 0040-0262.  67(3), s 565- 580 . doi: 10.12705/673.7
  • Gopalakrishnan Saroja, Seethapathy; Kaliamoorthy, Ravikumar; Paulsen, Berit Smestad; de Boer, Hugo & Wangensteen, Helle (2018). Ethnobotany of dioecious species: Traditional knowledge on dioecious plants in India. Journal of Ethnopharmacology.  ISSN 0378-8741.  221, s 56- 64 . doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2018.04.011 Full text in Research Archive. Show summary
  • Gopalakrishnan Saroja, Seethapathy; Tadesse, Margey; Urumarudappa, Santhosh Kumar J.; Gunaga, Srikanth V.; Vasudeva, Ramesh; Malterud, Karl Egil; Shaanker, Ramanan Uma; de Boer, Hugo; Ravikanth, Gudasalamani & Wangensteen, Helle (2018). Authentication of Garcinia fruits and food supplements using DNA barcoding and NMR spectroscopy. Scientific Reports.  ISSN 2045-2322.  8:10561, s 1- 12 . doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-28635-z Full text in Research Archive. Show summary
  • Hinsley, Amy; de Boer, Hugo; Fay, Michael F; Gale, Stephan W; Gardiner, Lauren M; Gunasekara, Rajasinghe S; Kumar, Pankaj; Masters, Susanne; Metusala, Destario; Roberts, David S; Veldman, Sarina; Wong, Shan & Phelps, Jacob (2018). A review of the trade in orchids and its implications for conservation. Botanical journal of the Linnean Society.  ISSN 0024-4074.  186(4), s 435- 455 . doi: 10.1093/botlinnean/box083 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Manzanilla, Vincent; Kool, Anneleen; Nguyen Nhat, L; Nong Van, H; Le Thi Thu, H & de Boer, Hugo (2018). Phylogenomics and barcoding of Panax: toward the identification of ginseng species. BMC Evolutionary Biology.  ISSN 1471-2148.  18(1), s 1- 14 . doi: 10.1186/s12862-018-1160-y Full text in Research Archive. Show summary
  • Pereus, Dativa; Otieno, Joseph; Ghorbani, Abdolbaset; Kocyan, Alexander; Hilonga, S & de Boer, Hugo (2018). Diversity of Hypoxis species used in ethnomedicine in Tanzania. South African Journal of Botany.  ISSN 0254-6299.  s 1- 6 . doi: 10.1016/j.sajb.2018.03.004
  • Posthouwer, Chantal; Veldman, Sarina; Abihudi, Siri; Otieno, Joseph; van Andel, Tinde R. & de Boer, Hugo (2018). Quantitative market survey of non-woody plants sold at Kariakoo Market in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Journal of Ethnopharmacology.  ISSN 0378-8741.  222, s 280- 287 . doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2018.04.039
  • Raclariu, Ancuta Cristina; Tebrencu, Carmen Elena; Ichim, Mihael Cristin; Ciuperca, Oana Teodora; Brysting, Anne Krag & de Boer, Hugo (2018). What's in the box? Authentication of Echinacea herbal products using DNA metabarcoding and HPTLC. Phytomedicine.  ISSN 0944-7113.  44, s 32- 38 . doi: 10.1016/j.phymed.2018.03.058
  • Samson, Hilonga; Otieno, Joseph; Ghorbani, Abdolbaset; Pereus, Dativa; Kocyan, Alexander & de Boer, Hugo (2018). Trade of wild-harvested medicinal plant species in local markets of Tanzania and its implications for conservation. South African Journal of Botany.  ISSN 0254-6299.  s 1- 11 . doi: 10.1016/j.sajb.2018.08.012
  • Veldman, Sarina; Kim, Seoljong; van Andel, Tinde R.; Bello Font, Maria; Bone, Ruth; Bytebier, Benny; Chuba, David; Gravendeel, Barbara; Martos, Florent; Mpatwa, Geophat; Ngugi, Grace; Vinya, Royd; Wightman, Nicholas; Yokoya, Kazutoma & de Boer, Hugo (2018). Trade in zambian edible orchids-DNA barcoding reveals the use of unexpected orchid taxa for chikanda. Genes.  ISSN 2073-4425.  9:595(12), s 1- 15 . doi: 10.3390/genes9120595
  • Weckerle, Caroline; de Boer, Hugo; Puri, Rajindra K.; van Andel, TR; Bussmann, Rainer & Leonti, Marco (2018). Recommended standards for conducting and reporting ethnopharmacological field studies. Journal of Ethnopharmacology.  ISSN 0378-8741.  210, s 125- 132 . doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2017.08.018 Full text in Research Archive.
  • de Boer, Hugo; Ghorbani, Abdolbaset; Manzanilla, Vincent; Raclariu, Ancuta Cristina; Kreziou, Anna; Ounjai, Sarawut; Osathanunkul, Maslin & Gravendeel, Barbara (2017). DNA metabarcoding of orchid-derived products reveals widespread illegal orchid trade. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences.  ISSN 0962-8452.  284(1863) . doi: 10.1098/rspb.2017.1182 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Dirks-Mulder, Anita; Butot, Roland; van Schaik, Peter; Wijnands, Jan Willem PM; van den Berg, Roel; Krol, Louie; Doebar, Sadhana; van Kooperen, Kelly; de Boer, Hugo; Kramer, Elena; Smets, Erik F; Vos, Rutger A.; Vrijdaghs, Alexander & Gravendeel, Barbara (2017). Exploring the evolutionary origin of floral organs of Erycina pusilla, an emerging orchid model system. BMC Evolutionary Biology.  ISSN 1471-2148. . doi: 10.1186/s12862-017-0938-7 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Ghorbani, Abdolbaset; de Boer, Hugo; Maas, PJM & van Andel, TR (2017). The typification of two Linnaean plant names based on illustrations published by Leonhard Rauwolf in 1583. Taxon.  ISSN 0040-0262.  66(5), s 1204- 1207 . doi: 10.12705/665.13
  • Ghorbani, Abdolbaset; Gravendeel, Barbara; Selliah, Sugirthini; Zarré, Shahin & de Boer, Hugo (2017). DNA barcoding of tuberous Orchidoideae: a resource for identification of orchids used in Salep. Molecular Ecology Resources.  ISSN 1755-098X.  17(2), s 342- 352 . doi: 10.1111/1755-0998.12615 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Ghorbani, Abdolbaset; Saeedi, Yousef & de Boer, Hugo (2017). Unidentifiable by morphology: DNA barcoding of plant material in local markets in Iran. PLOS ONE.  ISSN 1932-6203.  12(4) . doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0175722 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Ghorbani, Abdolbaset; Saeedi, Yousef & de Boer, Hugo (2017). Unidentifiable by morphology: DNA barcoding of plant material in local markets in Iran. PLOS ONE.  ISSN 1932-6203. . doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0175722
  • Ichim, Mihael Cristi; Crisan, Gianina; Tebrencu, Carmen & de Boer, Hugo (2017). PhytoAuthent: Molecular authentication of complex herbal food supplements for safety and efficacy. Research Ideas and Outcomes_RIO.  ISSN 2367-7163. . doi: 10.3897/rio.3.e21710 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Raclariu, Ancuta Cristina; Heinrich, Michael; Ichim, Mihael Cristi & de Boer, Hugo (2017). Benefits and limitations of DNA barcoding and metabarcoding in herbal product authentication. Phytochemical Analysis.  ISSN 0958-0344.  29(2), s 123- 128 . doi: 10.1002/pca.2732 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Raclariu, Ancuta Cristina; Mocan, Andrei; Popa, Madalina Oana; Vlase, Laurian; Ichim, Mihael Cristi; Crisan, Gianina; Brysting, Anne Krag & de Boer, Hugo (2017). Veronica officinalis product authentication using DNA metabarcoding and HPLC-MS reveals widespread adulteration with Veronica chamaedrys. Frontiers in Pharmacology.  ISSN 1663-9812.  8, s 1- 13 . doi: 10.3389/fphar.2017.00378 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Raclariu, Ancuta Cristina; Paltinean, Ramona; Vlase, Laurian; Labarre, Aurélie; Manzanilla, Vincent; Ichim, Mihael Cristin; Crisan, Gianina; Brysting, Anne Krag & de Boer, Hugo (2017). Comparative authentication of Hypericum perforatum herbal products using DNA metabarcoding, TLC and HPLC-MS. Scientific Reports.  ISSN 2045-2322.  7(1) . doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-01389-w Full text in Research Archive.
  • Schwallier, Rachel; Gravendeel, Barbara; de Boer, Hugo; Nylinder, Stephan; van Heuven, Bertie Joan; Sieder, Anton; Sumail, Sukaibin; van Vugt, Rogier & Lens, Frederic (2017). Evolution of wood anatomical characters in Nepenthes and close relatives of Caryophyllales. Annals of Botany.  ISSN 0305-7364.  119(7), s 1179- 1193 . doi: 10.1093/aob/mcx010 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Sher, Hassan; Barkworth, Mary E. & de Boer, Hugo (2017). Medicinal and aromatic plant cultivation in the Swat valley, north-western Pakistan, for economic development and biodiversity conservation. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution.  ISSN 0925-9864.  64(2), s 237- 245 . doi: 10.1007/s10722-015-0346-z Full text in Research Archive.
  • Veldman, Sarina; Gravendeel, Barbara; Otieno, Joseph; Lammers, Youri; Duijm, Elza; Nieman, Aline; Bytebier, Benny; Ngugi, Grace; Martos, Florent; van Andel, Tinde R. & de Boer, Hugo (2017). High-throughput sequencing of African chikanda cake highlights conservation challenges in orchids. Biodiversity and Conservation.  ISSN 0960-3115.  26(9), s 2029- 2046 . doi: 10.1007/s10531-017-1343-7 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Kreziou, Anna; de Boer, Hugo & Gravendeel, Barbara (2016). Harvesting of salep orchids in north-western Greece continues to threaten natural populations. Oryx.  ISSN 0030-6053.  50(3), s 393- 396 . doi: 10.1017/S0030605315000265
  • Osathanunkul, Maslin; Suwannapoom, Chatmongkon; Osathanunkul, Kitisak; Madesis, Panagiotis & de Boer, Hugo (2016). Evaluation of DNA barcoding coupled high resolution melting for discrimination of closely related species in phytopharmaceuticals. Phytomedicine.  ISSN 0944-7113.  23(2), s 156- 165 . doi: 10.1016/j.phymed.2015.11.018
  • Sher, Hassan; Bussmann, Rainer; Hart, Robbie & de Boer, Hugo (2016). Traditional use of medicinal plants among Kalasha, Ismaeli and Sunni groups in Chitral District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan. Journal of Ethnopharmacology.  ISSN 0378-8741.  188, s 57- 69 . doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2016.04.059
  • de Boer, Hugo; Cross, Hugh; de Wilde, Willem J.J.O.; Duyfjes, Brigitta E.E. & Gravendeel, Barbara (2015). Molecular phylogenetic analyses of Cucurbitaceae tribe Benincaseae urge for merging of Pilogyne with Zehneria. Phytotaxa.  ISSN 1179-3155.  236(2), s 173- 183 . doi: 10.11646/phytotaxa.236.2.6 Show summary
  • de Boer, Hugo; Ichim, Mihael Cristi & Newmaster, Steven (2015). DNA barcoding and pharmacovigilance of herbal medicines. Drug Safety.  ISSN 0114-5916.  38(7), s 611- 620 . doi: 10.1007/s40264-015-0306-8
  • de Boer, Hugo; Steffen, Karin & Cooper, Wendy (2015). Sunda to Sahul dispersals in Trichosanthes (Cucurbitaceae): a dated phylogeny reveals five independent dispersal events to Australasia. Journal of Biogeography.  ISSN 0305-0270.  42(3), s 519- 531 . doi: 10.1111/jbi.12432
  • Merckx, Vincent S.F.T.; Hendriks, Kasper P.; Beentjes, Kevin K.; Mennes, Constantijn B.; Becking, Leontine E.; Peijnenburg, Katja T.C.A.; Afendy, Aqilah; Arumugam, Nivaarani; de Boer, Hugo; Biun, Alim; Buang, Matsain M.; Chen, Ping-Ping; Chung, Arthur Y.C.; Dow, Rory; Feijen, Frida A.A.; Feijen, Hans; Feijen-Van Soest, Cobi; Geml, József; Geurts, Rene; Gravendeel, Barbara; Hovenkamp, Peter; Imbun, Paul; Ipor, Isa; Janssens, Steven B.; Jocqué, Merlijn; Kappes, Heike; Khoo, Eyen; Koomen, Peter; Lens, Frederic; Majapun, Richard J.; Morgado, Luis N.; Neupane, Suman; Nieser, Nico; Pereira, Joan T.; Rahman, Homathevi; Sabran, Suzana; Sawang, Anati; Schwallier, Rachel M.; Shim, Phyau-Soon; Smit, Harry; Sol, Nicolien; Spait, Maipul; Stech, Michael; Stokvis, Frank; Sugau, John B.; Suleiman, Monica; Sumail, Sukaibin; Thomas, Daniel C.; Van Tol, Jan; Tuh, Fred Y.Y.; Yahya, Bakhtiar E.; Nais, Jamili; Repin, Rimi; Lakim, Maklarin & Schilthuizen, Menno (2015). Evolution of endemism on a young tropical mountain. Nature.  ISSN 0028-0836.  524(7565), s 347- 350 . doi: 10.1038/nature14949
  • Osathanunkul, Maslin; Madesis, Panagiotis & de Boer, Hugo (2015). Bar-HRM for Authentication of Plant-Based Medicines: Evaluation of Three Medicinal Products Derived from Acanthaceae Species. PLOS ONE.  ISSN 1932-6203. . doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0128476
  • Osathanunkul, Maslin; Suwannapoom, Chatmongkon; Ounjai, Sarawut; Rora, Jantarika A; Madesis, Panagiotis & de Boer, Hugo (2015). Refining DNA Barcoding Coupled High Resolution Melting for Discrimination of 12 Closely Related Croton Species. PLOS ONE.  ISSN 1932-6203.  10(9) . doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0138888
  • Otieno, Joseph; Abihudi, Siri; Veldman, Sarina; Nahashon, Michael; van Andel, Tinde & de Boer, Hugo (2015). Vernacular dominance in folk taxonomy: a case study of ethnospecies in medicinal plant trade in Tanzania. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine.  ISSN 1746-4269.  11 . doi: 10.1186/1746-4269-11-10
  • Schwallier, Rachel; de Boer, Hugo; Visser, Natasja; van Vugt, Rogier R & Gravendeel, Barbara (2015). Traps as treats: a traditional sticky rice snack persisting in rapidly changing Asian kitchens. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine.  ISSN 1746-4269.  11(23) . doi: 10.1186/s13002-015-0010-x
  • Schwallier, Rachel; Raes, Niels; de Boer, Hugo; Vos, Rutger A.; van Vugt, Rogier R & Gravendeel, Barbara (2015). Phylogenetic analysis of niche divergence reveals distinct evolutionary histories and climate change implications for tropical carnivorous pitcher plants. Diversity and Distributions: A journal of biological invasions and biodiversity.  ISSN 1366-9516. . doi: 10.1111/ddi.12382
  • Sher, Hassan; Aldosari, Ali; Ali, Ahmad & de Boer, Hugo (2015). Indigenous knowledge of folk medicines among tribal minorities in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, northwestern Pakistan. Journal of Ethnopharmacology.  ISSN 0378-8741.  166, s 157- 167 . doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2015.03.022
  • de Boer, Hugo & Cotingting, Crystle (2014). Medicinal plants for women's healthcare in southeast Asia: A meta-analysis of their traditional use, chemical constituents, and pharmacology. Journal of Ethnopharmacology.  ISSN 0378-8741.  151(2), s 747- 767 . doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2013.11.030
  • de Boer, Hugo; Ourghidi, Abderrahim; Martin, Gary; Abbad, Abdelaziz & Kool, Anneleen (2014). DNA Barcoding Reveals Limited Accuracy of Identifications Based on Folk Taxonomy. PLOS ONE.  ISSN 1932-6203.  9(1) . doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0084291 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Ghorbani, Abdolbaset; Gravendeel, Barbara; Zarre, Shanin & de Boer, Hugo (2014). Illegal wild collection and international trade of CITES-listed terrestrial orchid tubers in Iran. Traffic Bulletin.  ISSN 0267-4297.  26(2), s 52- 58
  • Ghorbani, Abdolbaset; Naghibi, Farzaneh; Gravendeel, Barbara & de Boer, Hugo (2014). Wild orchid tuber collection in Iran: A wake-up call for conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation.  ISSN 0960-3115.  23(11), s 2749- 2760 . doi: 10.1007/s10531-014-0746-y
  • Käfer, Jos; de Boer, Hugo; Mousset, Sylvain; Kool, Anneleen; Dufay, Mathilde & Gabriel, Marais (2014). Dioecy is associated with higher diversification rates in flowering plants. Journal of Evolutionary Biology.  ISSN 1010-061X.  27(7), s 1478- 1490 . doi: 10.1111/jeb.12385
  • Sher, Hassan; Aldosari, Ali; Ali, Ahmad & de Boer, Hugo (2014). Economic benefits of high value medicinal plants to Pakistani communities: An analysis of current practice and potential. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine.  ISSN 1746-4269.  10(1) . doi: 10.1186/1746-4269-10-71
  • Towns, Alexandra; Quiroz, Diana; Guinee, Lieke; de Boer, Hugo & van Andel, Tinde (2014). Volume, value and floristic diversity of Gabon's medicinal plant markets. Journal of Ethnopharmacology.  ISSN 0378-8741.  155(2), s 1184- 1193 . doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2014.06.052
  • van Andel, Tinde; de Boer, Hugo; Vandebroek, Ina & Barnes, Joanne (2014). Medicinal plants used for menstrual disorders in Latin America, the Caribbean, sub-Saharan Africa, South and Southeast Asia and their uterine properties: a review. Journal of Ethnopharmacology.  ISSN 0378-8741.  155(2), s 992- 1000 . doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2014.06.049
  • Veldman, Sarina; Otieno, Joseph; Gravendeel, Barbara; van Andel, Tinde & de Boer, Hugo (2014). Conservation of Endangered Wild Harvested Medicinal Plants: Use of DNA Barcoding, In Ameenah Gurib-Fakim (ed.),  Novel Plant Bioresources: Applications in Food, Medicine and Cosmetics.  Wiley-Blackwell.  ISBN 9781118460610.  6.  s 81 - 88
  • Veldman, Sarina; Otieno, Joseph; van Andel, Tinde; Gravendeel, Barbara & de Boer, Hugo (2014). Efforts urged to tackle thriving illegal orchid trade in Tanzania and Zambia for chikanda production. Traffic Bulletin.  ISSN 0267-4297.  26(2), s 47- 50
  • Kunwar, Bimal; Subedi, Abishkar; Choi, Young; Dai, Yuntao; van Andel, Tinde; Chaudhary, Ram P; de Boer, Hugo & Gravendeel, Barbara (2013). Collection and trade of wild-harvested orchids in Nepal. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine.  ISSN 1746-4269.

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Published Jan. 6, 2014 4:42 PM - Last modified Apr. 1, 2019 10:38 AM