Henrik Friis

Associate Professor - Mineralogical Research Group
Image of Henrik Friis
Norwegian version of this page
Phone +47 22851622
Room 427
Visiting address Geological Museum
Postal address Postboks 1172, Blindern 0318 OSLO

Academic interests

My research focuses on different aspects of mineralogy. From how minerals are formed, over their internal structure to their physical properties, and how these can be used to design new materials. I am especially interested int he mineralogy of alkaline complexes due to their unique geochemistry and potential as REE resources. My fieldwork is primarily carried out on the alkaline complexes in South Greenland, Larvik area in Norway and North America.


Courses taught

GEL2110 - Mineralogy, petrology and geochemistry



2012 - Associate professor in mineralogy at NHM

2010-2012: Post Doc, University of British Columbia, Canada

2009-2010: Post Doc, University of Copenhagen, Denmark

2005-2009: PhD, University of St Andrews, Scotland

2004-2005: Consultant at the Technological Institute, Denmark

2000-2004: M.Sc. , University of Copenhagen, Denmark

1997-2000: B.Sc., University of Aarhus, Denmark


In the organising committee of the annual Kongsberg Mineral Symposium

Associate Editor for Canadian Mineralogist


American Mineralogical Association

Mineralogical society of UK and Ireland

Society of Mineral Museum Professionals

Fluorescent Minerals Society


Tags: Crystallography, Geology, Rare Earth Elements (REE), Beryllium, Alkaline complexes, Descriptive mineralogy, Luminescence, Crystal-chemistry


  • Husdal, Tomas; Grey, Ian; Friis, Henrik; Dal Bo, Fabrice; Kampf, Anthony R.; MacRae, Colin M.; Mumme, WG; Ljøstad, Ole Thorstein & Shanks, Finlay (2020). Halilsarpite, a new arsenate analogue of walentaite, from the Oumlil mine, Bou Azzer district, Morocco. European journal of mineralogy.  ISSN 0935-1221.  32(1), s 89- 98 . doi: doi.org/10.5194/ejm-32-89-2020
  • Grice, Joel D; Lussier, Aaron J; Friis, Henrik; Rowe, Ralph; Poirier, Glenn & Fihl, Zina (2019). Discreditation of the pyroxenoid mineral name ‘marshallsussmanite’ with a reinstatement of the name schizolite, NaCaMnSi3O8(OH). Mineralogical magazine.  ISSN 0026-461X.  83(3), s 473- 478 . doi: 10.1180/mgm.2019.21
  • Hutchison, William; Babiel, Rainer J.; Finch, Adrian A.; Marks, Michael A. W.; Markl, Gregor; Boyce, Adrian J; Stüeken, Eva E.; Friis, Henrik; Borst, Anouk M & Horsburgh, Nicola J. (2019). Sulphur isotopes of alkaline magmas unlock longterm records of crustal recycling on Earth. Nature Communications.  ISSN 2041-1723.  10(1) . doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-12218-1
  • Kampf, Anthony R.; Chukanov, Nikita V.; Möhn, Gerhard; Dini, Maurizio; Molina Donoso, Arturo A. & Friis, Henrik (2019). Cuatrocapaite-(NH4) and cuatrocapaite-(K), two new minerals from the Torrecillas mine, Iquique Province, Chile, related to lucabindiite and gajardoite. Mineralogical magazine.  ISSN 0026-461X.  83(5), s 741- 748 . doi: 10.1180/mgm.2019.26
  • Rosing-Schow, Nanna; Müller, Axel; Romer, Rolf L. & Friis, Henrik (2019). New age constraints on the formation of sveconorwegian pegmatites. Canadian Mineralogist.  ISSN 0008-4476.  57(5), s 787- 790 . doi: 10.3749/canmin.AB00022
  • Sunde, Øyvind; Friis, Henrik & Andersen, Tom (2019). Pegmatites of the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Oslo Rift, Norway: field relations and characterisation. Norwegian Journal of Geology.  ISSN 2387-5844.  99(1), s 93- 111 . doi: 10.17850/njg99-1-05
  • Borst, Anouk; Friis, Henrik; Nielsen, Troels & Waight, Tod E. (2018). Bulk and Mush Melt Evolution in Agpaitic Intrusions: Insights from Compositional Zoning in Eudialyte, Ilímaussaq Complex, South Greenland. Journal of Petrology.  ISSN 0022-3530.  59(4), s 589- 612 . doi: 10.1093/petrology/egy038
  • Friis, Henrik (2018). Discreditation of tombarthite-(Y). Mineralogical magazine.  ISSN 0026-461X.  82(5), s 1131- 1139 . doi: 10.1180/mgm.2018.111
  • Friis, Henrik & Casey, William H. (2018). Niobium is highly mobile As a polyoxometalate ion during natural weathering. Canadian Mineralogist.  ISSN 0008-4476.  56(6), s 905- 912 . doi: 10.3749/canmin.1800058 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Gradstein, Felix M; Waskowska, Anna; Kopaevich, Ludmila; Watkins, David K; Friis, Henrik & Perez Panera, J (2018). Berriasian planktonic foraminifera and calcareous nannofossils from Crimea Mountains, with reference to microfossil evolution. Swiss Journal of Palaeontology.  ISSN 1664-2376.  138(2), s 213- 236 . doi: 10.1007/s13358-018-0175-8 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Rosing-Schow, Nanna; Müller, Axel & Friis, Henrik (2018). A Comparison of the Mica Geochemistry of the Pegmatite Fields in Southern Norway. Canadian Mineralogist.  ISSN 0008-4476.  56(4), s 463- 488 . doi: 10.3749/canmin.1700086
  • Sunde, Øyvind; Friis, Henrik & Andersen, Tom (2018). Variation in Major and Trace Elements of Primary WÖhlerite As an Indicator of the Origin of Pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Norway. Canadian Mineralogist.  ISSN 0008-4476.  56(4), s 529- 542 . doi: 10.3749/canmin.1700050
  • Friis, Henrik; Weller, Mark T. & Kampf, Anthony R. (2017). Hansesmarkite, Ca2Mn2Nb6O19·20H2O, a new hexaniobate from a syenite pegmatite in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, southern Norway. Mineralogical magazine.  ISSN 0026-461X.  81(3), s 543- 554 . doi: 10.1180/minmag.2016.080.109 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Grice, Joel D.; Kristiansen, Roy; Friis, Henrik; Rowe, Ralph; Cooper, Mark A; Poirier, Glenn; Yang, Panseok & Weller, Mark T. (2017). Hydroxylgugiaite: a new beryllium silicate mineral from the Larvik plutonic complex, southern Norway and the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, south Greenland; the first member of the melilite group to incorporate a hydrogen atom. Canadian Mineralogist.  ISSN 0008-4476.  55(2), s 219- 232 . doi: 10.3749/canmin.1700002
  • Rosing-Schow, Nanna; Müller, Axel & Friis, Henrik (2017). Composition and classification of mica from south Norwegian Pegmatites, In Axel Bernd Müller & Nanna Rosing-Schow (ed.),  PEG2017 – Proceedings of the 8th Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, Kristiansand, 13-15 June 2017.  Geological Society of Norway.  ISBN 978-82-8347-019-2.  Proceeding.  s 111 - 114
  • SZEŁĘG, E.; ZUZENS, B; HAWTHORNE, Frank C.; PIECZKA, A; SZUSZKIEWICZ, A; TURNIAK, K; NEJBERT, K; ILNICKI, S. S.; Friis, Henrik; Makovicky, E; Weller, Mark T. & LEMÉE-CAILLEAU, M.-H. (2017). Bohseite, ideally Ca4Be4Si9O24(OH)4, from the Piława Górna quarry, the Góry Sowie Block, SW Poland. Mineralogical magazine.  ISSN 0026-461X.  81(1), s 35- 46 . doi: 10.1180/minmag.2016.080.066 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Borst, Anouk; Friis, Henrik; Andersen, Tom; Nielsen, Troels F. D.; Waight, Tod E & Smit, Matthijs A. (2016). Zirconosilicates in the kakortokites of the Ilímaussaq complex, South Greenland: Implications for fluid evolution and high-field-strength and rare-earth element mineralization in agpaitic systems. Mineralogical magazine.  ISSN 0026-461X.  80(1), s 5- 30 . doi: 10.1180/minmag.2016.080.046 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Finch, Adrian A.; Friis, Henrik & Maghrabi, Mufeed (2016). Defects in sodalite-group minerals determined from X-ray-induced luminescence. Physics and chemistry of minerals.  ISSN 0342-1791.  43(7), s 481- 491 . doi: 10.1007/s00269-016-0816-7 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Friis, Henrik (2016). First occurrence of moskvinite-(Y) in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland – implications for rare-earth element mobility. Mineralogical magazine.  ISSN 0026-461X.  80(1), s 31- 41 . doi: 10.1180/minmag.2016.080.047 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Grice, Joel D.; Friis, Henrik & Kristiansen, Roy (2016). New data for chiavennite and ferrochiavennite. Canadian Mineralogist.  ISSN 0008-4476.  54(1), s 21- 32 . doi: 10.3749/canmin.1500068
  • Raschke, Markus; Anderson, Even; Allaz, Julien; Friis, Henrik; Smyth, Joseph; Tschernich, Rudy & Becker, Randy (2016). Crystal chemistry of brannockite, KLi3Sn2Si12O30, from a new occurrence in the Golden Horn Batholith, Washington State, USA. European journal of mineralogy.  ISSN 0935-1221.  28(1), s 153- 161 . doi: 10.1127/ejm/2015/0027-2477
  • Zahoransky, Teresa Elisabeth; Friis, Henrik & Marks, Michael A. W. (2016). Luminescence and tenebrescence of natural sodalites: a chemical and structural study. Physics and chemistry of minerals.  ISSN 0342-1791.  43(7), s 459- 480 . doi: 10.1007/s00269-016-0810-0
  • Andersen, Tom & Friis, Henrik (2015). The transition from agpaitic to hyperagpaitic magmatic crystallization in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Journal of Petrology.  ISSN 0022-3530.  56(7), s 1343- 1364 . doi: 10.1093/petrology/egv039
  • Friis, Henrik; Larsen, Alf Olav; Kampf, Anthony R.; Evans, R. James; Selbekk, Rune S; Sanchez, Maria Asuncion Aranda & Kihle, Jan (2014). Peterandresenite, Mn4Nb6O19*14H2O, a new mineral containing the Lindqvist ion from a syenite pegmatite of the Larvik Plutonic Complex, southern Norway. European journal of mineralogy.  ISSN 0935-1221.  26(4), s 567- 576 . doi: 10.1127/0935-1221/2014/0026-2385
  • Friis, Henrik (2013). Mineralogy of the Kvanefjeld multi-element deposit, In Erik Jonsson (ed.),  Mineral deposit research for a high-tech world. Proceedings of the 12th Biennial SGA Meeting.  The Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits.  ISBN 978-91-7403-207-9.  Vol 4.  s 1713 - 1716
  • Grice, Joel D; Kristiansen, Roy; Friis, Henrik; Rowe, Ralph; Poirier, Glenn; Selbekk, Rune S; Cooper, Mark A & Larsen, Alf Olav (2013). Ferrochiavennite,a new beryllium silicate zeolite from syenite pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Oslo region, southern Norway. Canadian Mineralogist.  ISSN 0008-4476.  51(2), s 285- 296 . doi: 10.3749/canmin.51.2.285
  • Friis, Henrik; Finch, Adrian A. & Williams, C. T. (2011). Multiple luminescent spectroscopic methods applied to the two related minerals, leucophanite and meliphanite. Physics and chemistry of minerals.  ISSN 0342-1791.  38(1), s 45- 57
  • Armstrong, Jennifer A.; Friis, Henrik; Lieb, Alexandra; Finch, Adrian A. & Weller, Mark T. (2010). Combined single-crystal X-ray and neutron powder diffraction structure analysis exemplified through full structure determinations of framework and layer beryllate minerals. American Mineralogist.  ISSN 0003-004X.  95(4), s 519- 526
  • El Mkami, Hassane; Friis, Henrik; Finch, Adrian A. & Smith, G. M. (2010). ESEEM and multi-frequency EPR study on Mn2+ luminescence centres in leucophanite. Physics and chemistry of minerals.  ISSN 0342-1791.  37(8), s 519- 528
  • Friis, Henrik; Finch, Adrian A.; Williams, C. T. & Hanchar, John M. (2010). Photoluminescence of zircon (ZrSiO4) doped with REE3+ (REE = Pr, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Ho, Er). Physics and chemistry of minerals.  ISSN 0342-1791.  37(6), s 333- 342
  • Friis, Henrik; Balic-Zunic, Tonci; Williams, C. T. & Garcia-Sanchez, R (2007). Incorporation of REE into leucophanite: a compositional and structural study. Mineralogical magazine.  ISSN 0026-461X.  71(6), s 625- 640
  • Friis, Henrik; Finch, Adrian A.; Towsend, Peter D.; Hole, David E. & El Mkami, Hassane (2007). Ionoluminescence of leucophanite. American Mineralogist.  ISSN 0003-004X.  92, s 254- 260
  • Friis, Henrik; Balic-Zunic, Tonci; Pekov, Igor V. & Petersen, Ole V. (2004). Kuannersuite-(Ce), Ba6Na2REE2(PO4)6FCl, a new member of the apatite group, from the Iliumaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: Description and crystal chemistry. Canadian Mineralogist.  ISSN 0008-4476.  42, s 95- 106

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  • Müller, Axel Bernd; Husdal, T.; Sunde, Øyvind; Friis, Henrik; Andersen, Tom; Johansen, Tor Sigvald; Werner, Ronald; Thoresen, Øivind & Olerud, Svein (2017). Norwegian Pegmatites I: Tysfjord-Hamarøy, Evje-Iveland, Langesundsfjord. Norsk Geologisk Forening.  ISBN 978-82-8347-020-8.  122 s. Show summary
  • Hurum, Jørn Harald; Selbekk, Rune S; Nakrem, Hans Arne; Friis, Henrik & Hammer, Øyvind (2015). Fossiler og mineraler. Høydepunkter fra samlingene på Naturhistorisk museum.. Kunstbokforlaget DGB.  ISBN 7029660051309.  168 s.

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  • Müller, Axel; Friis, Henrik & Schmitt, R.T. (2019). Alexander von Humboldt (1769 - 1859) – ein Protagonist der Erstellung und Förderung wissenschaftlicher Sammlungen für die öffentliche Bildung und Forschung.
  • Steffenssen, Georg; Müller, Axel; Rosing-Schow, Nanna & Friis, Henrik (2019). The distribution and enrichment of scandium in garnets from the Tørdal pegmatites, south Norway, and its economic implications.. Canadian Mineralogist.  ISSN 0008-4476.  57(5), s 799- 801 . doi: 10.3749/canmin.AB00025
  • Andresen, Peter; Friis, Henrik; Kjærnet, Torfinn & Larsen, Alf Olav (2018). The minerals of the Jahren pegmatite, one of the major pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex. Norsk Mineralsymposium.  4, s 5- 43
  • Friis, Henrik (2018). A new single-crystal XRD for mineral sciences in Scandinavia.
  • Friis, Henrik (2018). Element mobility and new paragenesis of the Ivigtut cryolite deposit, South Greenland.
  • Friis, Henrik (2018). Ivigtut kryolittgruve - hvorfor studere en uttømt forekomst?.
  • Friis, Henrik (2018). Why study rare minerals?.
  • Ravneberget, Stine & Friis, Henrik (2018, 17. november). Har motebransjen fått krystaller på hjernen?. [Internett].  www.melkoghonning.no.
  • Rosing-Schow, Nanna; Müller, Axel & Friis, Henrik (2018). Mica chemistry from the Sveconorwegian pegmatites, southern Norway.
  • Rosing-Schow, Nanna; Müller, Axel; Romer, Rolf L.; Corfu, Fernando & Friis, Henrik (2018). New age constraints on the age of the Tørdal pegmatites, southern Norway.
  • Torgersen, Eivind & Friis, Henrik (2018, 27. november). Blendende steinpanel. [Internett].  www.forskning.no.
  • Torgersen, Eivind & Friis, Henrik (2018, 18. juni). Denne lille holmen i Langesundsfjorden er proppfull av sjeldne mineraler. [Internett].  www.forskning.no.
  • Torgersen, Eivind & Friis, Henrik (2018, 22. oktober). Slik ser mineralet amazonitt ut under mikroskopet. [Internett].  www.forskning.no.
  • Torgersen, Eivind & Friis, Henrik (2018, 11. oktober). Slik ser nasjonalsteinen thulitt ut under mikroskopet. [Internett].  www.forskning.no.
  • Friis, Henrik (2017). Grønland - mere end 200 år med mineralfund.
  • Friis, Henrik (2017). Hexaniobater - en interessant gruppe av mineraler. Stein.  ISSN 0802-9121.  44(4), s 30- 33
  • Friis, Henrik & Casey, W. H. (2017). How to make niobium highly mobile.
  • Müller, Axel; Friis, Henrik; Johansen, Tor Sigvald; Werner, Ronald & Thorensen, Øyvind (2017). Sveconorwegian pegmatites of the Evje-Iveland area, South Norway, In Axel Bernd Müller (ed.),  Norwegian Pegmatites I: Tysfjord-Hamarøy, Evje-Iveland, Langesundsfjord.  Norsk Geologisk Forening.  ISBN 978-82-8347-020-8.  Kapittel 2.  s 48 - 102
  • Nordahl, Marianne & Friis, Henrik (2017, 27. februar). Denne steinen kan skifte farge på et blunk. [Internett].  forskning.no.
  • Friis, Henrik (2016). Grønland - mere end 200 år med mineralfund.
  • Friis, Henrik (2016). Grønlands mineralresourser før, nå og i fremtiden.
  • Friis, Henrik (2016). Grønlands mineralresourser før, nå og i fremtiden.
  • Friis, Henrik (2016). Hva er tombarthitt-(Y). Norsk Mineralsymposium.  2, s 13- 19
  • Friis, Henrik (2016). Hva er tombarthitt-(Y)?.
  • Friis, Henrik (2016). Hvorfor er alkaline forekomster så mineralogisk spændende.
  • Friis, Henrik (2016). Ivigtut - 200 years of mineral discoveries.
  • Sunde, Øyvind; Friis, Henrik; Andersen, Tom & Selbekk, Rune S (2016). Preliminary major- and trace-element data of wöhlerite from miaskitic and mildly agpaitic pegmatites of the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Oslo Region, Norway..
  • Friis, Henrik (2015). Første funn av behoitt på Grønland. Stein.  ISSN 0802-9121.  42(1), s 30- 31
  • Friis, Henrik (2015). Hexaniobater og lignende sjeldne mineraler. Norsk Mineralsymposium.  1, s 23- 26
  • Friis, Henrik (2015). Hexaniobater og lignende sjeldne mineraler.
  • Friis, Henrik (2015). Iveland og Evjes mineraler.
  • Friis, Henrik (2015). Ivelands Mineralogi.
  • Friis, Henrik (2015). Primary and secondary mineralogy of the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. British Columbia Geological Survey Paper.  ISSN 0381-243X.  s 83- 89
  • Friis, Henrik (2015). Primary and secondary mineralogy of the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South greenland.
  • Selbekk, Rune S & Friis, Henrik (2015, 26. mars). Unik mineralsamling og utstilling i Iveland: For en kveld for Kjell!.  Fædrelandsvennen.
  • Selbekk, Rune S; Hurum, Jørn Harald & Friis, Henrik (2015). Geologisk museum på flyttefot. Stein.  ISSN 0802-9121.  42(3), s 30- 31
  • Selbekk, Rune S; Thoresen, Øivind & Friis, Henrik (2015). Skjulte skatter på Naturhistorisk Museum, Oslo. Norsk Mineralsymposium.  1(1), s 5- 8
  • Borst, Anouk; Waight, Tod E.; Smit, Mathijs; Friis, Henrik & Nielsen, Troels (2014). Alteration of eudialyte and implications on the REE, Zr, and Nb resources of the layered kakortokites in the Ilímaussaq Intrusion, South West Greenland. Conference Preceedings - The 1st conference on European Rare Earth Resources.  s 325- 332
  • Friis, Henrik (2014). ALKALINE PEGMATITES.
  • Friis, Henrik (2014). Radioaktive Mineraler.
  • Friis, Henrik (2014). Sjeldne Jordarter.
  • Friis, Henrik & Helleve, Torstein (2014, 02. oktober). Dette ionet er aldri funne i naturen før. [Internett].  www.forskning.no.
  • Friis, Henrik (2013). Alkaline Mineral Occurrences - An Introduction.
  • Friis, Henrik (2013). Ilímaussaq Alkaline Complex.
  • Friis, Henrik (2013). The Ivigtut Cryolite Deposit.
  • Sunde, Øyvind; Selbekk, Rune S; Friis, Henrik & Andersen, Tom (2013). Bakstevalåsen, en unik Be-Sn-B pegmatitt. Bergverksmuseets skriftserie.  ISSN 0800-1855.  (50), s 43- 48
  • Friis, Henrik (2012). From calcite to the first natural hexaniobate or 350 years of mineral science. Acta Crystallographica Section A: Foundations of Crystallography.  ISSN 0108-7673.  A68, s 48- 48
  • Friis, Henrik (2012). From calcite to the first natural hexaniobate or 350 years of mineral science.
  • Friis, Henrik (2012). Ilímaussaq – en unik minerallokalitet.
  • Friis, Henrik (2012). NHM – hvad roder vi egentlig med?.
  • Friis, Henrik (2012). Primary and secondary minerals in Ilímaussaq.

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Published Oct. 26, 2012 10:31 AM - Last modified Apr. 19, 2013 3:47 PM

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