Neandertal man showcase
THE NEANDERTALS - THE ICE AGE MAN IN EUROPE.
The Neandertal Man - Homo neanderthalensis.
The period between 100 000 and 40 000 years ago in Europe and Asia, was characterised by the last Ice Age, with a cold climate and large glaciers in the north. The Neandertals lived at this time in central Europe and in the western parts of Asia. They are rather similar to modern humans (Homo sapiens sapiens) but they are considered to be a unique species, Homo neanderthalensis. DNA anaysis will throw more light on the relationship between Neandertals and modern man.
The Neanderthals were short of build. Their skeletons show that they had a very muscular body. Contrary to modern Man, they had a barrel-shaped chest, slightly bent thigh bones and stronger fingers and toes.
The Neanderthals buried their dead. Findings of graves confirm this. Does that mean that they had a form of language? Only when a language is developed, it is possible to communicate thoughts about life and death. The Neandertals lived in caves, and in huts made of branches, bones and hide. They made finely sculpted stone tools, e. g. scratching tools to prepare hides, mallet-stones and hand-axes.
The skull of the Neanderthals was dominated by the large brain (average 1400 cm3, up to 1750 cm3), but the organisation of the brain was somewhat different from that of the modern humans. The Neandertals had a smaller neocortex, which gave the skull a relatively low forehead. At the same time the skull was very long.
The jaw of the Neandertal was massive and large, and lacked a prominent chin. The wisdom-tooth was the largest of the molars, and there was ample room between this tooth and the jawbone behind it. List of contents in the neandertal man showcase
Publisert 18. mai 2011 16:00 - Sist endret 13. mai 2019 13:56