Data and field techniques
GEco research is most often based on field sampling or information from the Museum's collections, made available by the Norwegian GBIF node (hosted by NHM). This information is integrated with recorded and mapped environmental information (such as variation in topography, lithology, climate and other properties of the environment). GEco members are involved in a variety of mapping and monitoring projects. These include both theoretical and applied projects, for the purpose of describing and representing biodiversity in Norway, along the temporal and spatial scales. New habitat/nature type classification are being developed and tested for use by ecologists and nature management directorates. Spatial Prediction Modelling and Ecological Response Modelling approaches are being researched, along with other Remote Sensing techniques to contribute in our understanding of changes observed in nature, whether they be a direct result of changes in climate or resource management histories.
Computer and analysing techniques
Many GEco members work with gradient analyses and distribution modelling in general, with specific expertise and interest ranging from theoretical gradient analytical perspectives to applied suitability and resource distribution modelling. Although the group uses a broad range of tools and methodologies, statistical modelling and geographical information systems (GIS) are central tools to everyone. There is a real gradient of expertise and use of some of these tools, but a keen interest in open source tools, including developing R-based scripts.